Cost Per Unit: Importance, Formula, and Example

per unit costs

And ensure that the process fulfillment is efficient and can offer a higher order accuracy. You can lower the overall overhead costs by finding an area with affordable rent and lease. Consider leasing your workspace during a recession and assess your service charges. Increasing your sales is also a great way to lower the prices per unit. The monthly fixed costs are $6,500, including rent, salaries, and insurance premiums. In this guide, we’ll explore the importance of understanding the cost per unit, discuss the formula to calculate it, and give a few tips and strategies to reduce this cost.

The unit cost is the amount of money it takes to produce one unit of an item. Mathematically, it is the total cost to produce a product divided by the number of units produced. Unit cost can also be known as the cost of goods sold, average cost, or cost per unit. Businesses use unit costs to see how efficient their product production is. Calculating unit costs is also important in business accounting to organize financial statements and accurately report taxes. Companies can also use unit costs to strategize pricing to produce profits.


In the case of eCommerce businesses, reducing the cost per unit can be especially important since these companies often face stiff competition and tight margins. This means the company must price each unit at more than $21.25 to cover costs and make a profit. Fixed costs, on the other hand, remain constant regardless of unit volume or sales.

In January, the unit cost of a pen was $1 if 50,000 units were produced, with direct labor and direct material costs being $15,000 and $16,000, respectively. PEN Company LTD wanted to calculate the unit cost of a pen in February with an order totaling 4000 units if direct labor costs and direct material costs are $6,000 and $4,000, respectively. You must recognize that the success of service and product-based businesses dramatically depends on their profit. To know whether your business is a profitable unit, you can check whether your production costs are lower than the cost of each product you are selling. By understanding how to calculate the cost per unit of a product, you can easily set the prices and attain your sales goals. Keep reading to know more about the cost per unit and how to calculate the unit per Price.

Definition of Product Cost per Unit

However, another portion of the bill may be directly related to how long your production equipment is running. To ensure you get a clear picture of your cost per unit, break down your mixed costs into their fixed and variable components. A unit cost is a total expenditure incurred by a company to produce, store, and sell one unit of a particular product or service.

Unit Variable Cost is affected by changes in the business, extra cost is incurred when more units of goods are produced. In simplest terms, fixed costs are the expenses that do not change over a set time. This may include building or factory bookkeeping for startups rent, property taxes, depreciation and amortization, fixed interest payments, and mortgages. Also, you need to understand that some fixed costs change on an annual basis, as mentioned in the contract that increases your overall fixed costs.

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